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Disc 8mm dia. x 2mm height N45

Pull: 0.9kg|Gauss: 3,058.0

$0.47
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Cylinder 4mm dia. x 6mm height N45

Pull: 0.6kg|Gauss: 6,465.0

$0.40
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Cylinder 4mm dia. x 5mm height N45

Pull: 0.6kg|Gauss: 6,327.0

$0.38
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Cylinder 3mm dia. x 5mm height N50

Pull: 0.4kg|Gauss: 6,897.0

$0.24
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Cylinder 3mm dia. x 4mm height N50

Pull: 0.3kg|Gauss: 6,742.0

$0.21
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Magnetic Equations

Equations

Maxwell equations

 

 

Lorentz Force

Magnetic Field

Ampere's Law

Biot-Savart Law

 

Calculating magnetic forces

Magnetic Flux Density

Magnetic flux density for a uniformly magnetizied body can be calculated by the formula:

(1)

Formula 1 is a scalar potentiel of flux density, M is a constant vector of magnetization, ϕ is a scalar potentiel of the same body charged with unity charge density. The potential can be calculated by the formula:

(2)

calculated of the volume of body, Fig:1.

Figure 1. Potential Calculation

The volumetric integral calculation is not easy in general so we calculate magnetic flux density only for regular bodies such as blocks/cubes, discs/cylinders, rings and spheres.

Magnetic flux density generated by steady magnets can be calculated by simple formulae only for spherical magnets or for z axis for cylindrical and rectangular magnets.

Blocks/Cubes

For a block or cube, Fig. 2;

Figure 2. Block/Cube

The calculation gives the formulae

(3)

Examples of graphs of magnetic flux density for a rectangle are on Fig.2. The graph is plotted for M=100,a=5mm, b=10mm, d=5mm, range of z is [0.01,10]mm.

Figure 3. Example magnetic flux density with distance

Disc/Cylinder and Ring

For a disc or cylinder calculation of integrals gives explicit formulae only for z axis, Fig. 4.

Figure 4. Disc/Cylinder and Ring  (for disc/cylinder ignore r)

 

For disk magnetic flux density on z-axis is

(4)

 

For a ring magnetic flux density on z-axis is

(5)

 

Examples of graphs of magnetic flux density for a ring (red) and a disk (bleu) are on Fig:4. The graph is plotted for M=100,diameter=10mm, height=5mm, range of z is [0.01,10]mm. For the ring an interior diameter=4mm.